Clojure is a modern, dynamic, and functional programming language that runs on the Java Virtual Machine (JVM). It is a dialect of Lisp, a family of programming languages that have been around for over 60 years, and it was created by Rich Hickey in 2007. Clojure is known for its simplicity, concurrency support, and its ability to interact with Java libraries and code.
One of the main features of Clojure is its functional programming paradigm, which promotes immutability, higher-order functions, and pure functions. This makes the code easier to reason about and test, and also makes it more suitable for parallel and concurrent execution.
Clojure also has a strong emphasis on immutability, which means that once a variable is set, it cannot be changed. This helps to prevent bugs and makes it easier to reason about the code.
Clojure is a great choice for building large and complex systems. It is also a popular choice for building web applications, data processing, and distributed systems. Additionally, being built on top of the JVM allows it to have access to the vast Java ecosystem, making it easy to integrate with existing Java projects or use existing Java libraries.
Clojure is a relatively small language, which makes it easy to learn and understand. Its simple and consistent syntax, along with its powerful features make it a great choice for developers who want to build robust and maintainable systems. The active community also provides developers with a wealth of resources, such as tutorials, documentation, and forums, which can be helpful for learning and troubleshooting.